The Ayacucho Region is located in the central and southern Andes of Peru, having some sectors in the jungle and high jungle located to the northeast of its territory.
The presence of human groups in Ayacucho Region begins approximately 20,000 years before Christ in the cave of Pikimachay. Later in the formative period (2,000 before Christ and the first years of our era), human groups were established in Rancha, Chupas and Wichqana. Between the 6th and 7th centuries, the Wari empire flourished, whose capital was founded in the Ayacucho area, to later give way to the Chanca Regional Confederation. The Incas conquered Ayacucho, erecting an administrative center of great importance in the Vilcashuaman area.
In 1,539 Francisco Pizarro founded the city of Ayacucho with the name of San Juan de la Frontera de Huamanga. This was created for strategic purposes, as it bordered the territories dominated by the rebellious Incas of Vilcabamba. Once the rebel stronghold of Vilcabamba was defeated, Ayacucho acquired economic and cultural importance. Already in the seventeenth century, Ayacucho had an important textile industry, was the seat of the archbishopric and had a university, which made it one of the most important cities of the viceroyalty.
Currently Ayacucho Region, land of peace and hope, continues to surprise travelers with its colonial flavor. Ayacucho is called the Peruvian Capital of Crafts, since its art has spread throughout the world.
What was the Battle of Ayacucho?
The battle of Ayacucho was one of the last great war conflicts between the independentists of the Upper Peru region and the Spanish. This was carried out in 1824, in Peru, and it meant the end of the Spanish domination over South America.
It was fought on December 9, 1824, in the town of Pampa de Quinua, Huamanga province in Ayacucho, Peru, between the liberating army and the Spanish royalists.
The importance of the battle of Ayacucho lies in the fact that it was the last great battle for the Independence of South America, that is, it promoted the definitive eradication of the Spanish army in the territory. In particular, this battle defined the Independence of Peru.
Weather in Ayacucho Perú
The weather in Ayacucho Perú is pleasant, temperate and dry, with permanent blue skies and a blazing sun, characterized by its persistent spring air.
The weather in Ayacucho Perú is considered one of the most generous and healthy climates in the country. The presence of the Andes has configured a heterogeneous topography and diversity of ecological floors that give it a wonderful varied landscape, such as peaks, snow-capped mountains, plains, streams, inter-Andean valleys and jungle brow, conducive to the practice of ecotourism (trekking and camping).
- Altitude: 2761 m.s.n.m.
- Surface: 43 814.80 Km2
- Temperature: Average 17.5 ° C
Tourist places of Ayacucho
Ayacucho is a trip to the past where you will live unforgettable experiences, which begin by visiting its colonial houses and churches such as the Cathedral and the Santo Domingo temple. Here you can also enjoy colorful parties and discover the faith of its inhabitants, especially at Easter. Learn about the pottery tradition from the hand of its artisans and let yourself be captivated by its landscapes of overflowing living nature.
The mysticism of Ayacucho awaits you at Easter!
Typical Clothing of Ayacucho
The costumes of the mountains are characterized by the color of their skirts and ponchos, especially in the departments of Arequipa, Cusco, Cajamarca, Ayacucho, Puno and among other cities in the mountains, although the styles of clothing are different there is something that characterizes them equally, they are made of vicuña wool or some of the beautiful auquénids that our mountains have, to protect themselves from the cold.
The people of this area of Peru use the chullo, which is like a wool cap that covers the ears as part of the Ayacucho Clothing. The scissor dancers adorn their costumes with mirrors and embroider their god on the back.
The main characteristic of Ayacucho Clothing is a traditional Peruvian hat, which women usually wear for festivals, it is small and has a small coma. They usually decorate it with flowers or other colorful elements that impact the eye. It is made of sheep’s wool.
In Quispillata, young men usually use it without ornamentation, or in cold seasons.
How to get from Ayacucho to Lima?
The distance from Ayacucho to Lima by private land is (approximately 08 hours 30 minutes).
The tour can be done directly by bus. These buses depart and return from Ayacucho. The companies that circulate on this route are: Cruz del Sur, Movil Tours, Julio Cesar, Linea, Oltursa, Flores, CIVA, MOVIL BUS among many others.
How to get from Ayacucho to Lima by Air:
From Ayacucho to Lima if there are daily and direct flights. It is possible to arrive by air using the Ayacucho to Lima route (travel time approximately 50 minutes), you will depart from Coronel FAP Alfredo Mendívil Airport in Ayacucho, and you will arrive at Jorge Chavez International Airport in Lima.
The airlines that make this route are: Viva air, Avianca, LC Peru, Latam (formerly Lan), Star Peru and Peruvian Airlines, TACA, Star Peru, check flights at travel agencies or companies already mentioned. Search for flight offers, dates such as June, July, October and November there are usually promotions or offers on cheap flights.